Tag Archives: Bhagavad Gita

BHAGAVAD GITA – CHAPTER 4

Chapter 4: Approaching the ultimate truth

Lord Krishna continues to say, “I taught the benefits of Karma Yoga (doing an action) to the Sun God and he passed it on to his son Manu, who inturn conveyed it to his son Ikswaku. Thus the word was spread over generations, but ultimately lost in time. Hence I taught you the ultimate secret today as you are my friend and a true devotee.”

Arjuna questions Lord Krishna that how he could have taught this to Sun God as Sun God was born even before Lord Krishna came into existence. For that, Krishna replied that he has born many number of times and so was Arjuna, which only Lord Krishna is aware of.

He says, “Though I dont have birth or death, I have born out of my own internal potential. I’m born whenever there is a downfall of justice and an uprising of injustice, to protect the innocents and destroy the wicked. Those who understands this and also who were able to refrain themselves from passion, attachments, fear and anger, can avoid a rebirth after their death and come to me. Any one, irrespective of religion, caste and creed, can seek to attain me. Most people pray the demigods instead of Lord Krishna because, most people pray only for wealth, marriage, etc. which can be easily provided by the demigods. But, if they are in need of liberation or moksha, they need to follow a difficult path through self restrainment and attain Lord Krishna. Hence, they choose the easy way. I have created four classes of people based on their nature and actions.
Sattva – The Brahmans who have good control over their righteousness and who can spiritually guide everyone.
Ksatriyas – The royal warriors who protect the good and fight the evil based on righteousness/justice.
Vaishya – The people who are mostly into farming and trading
Sutra – The people whose sole purpose is to serve the other three classes.
Though I have created these classes I’m impartial and people go into these classes only based on their actions in each life.

I don’t expect results from my actions and the sages who were my devotees followed the same. So, even you should follow that.

There are a lot of confusions in differentiating what is action and what is not. I’ll explain it to clarify you from choosing the wrong one. A person is wise if he is able to find an inaction in an action and an action in an inaction. For example, a person fights in a war, which is an action, but he understands that Lord is the one who is making it happen and not himself and that is an inaction. Thus he finds an inaction in an action. Similarly, a person sits idle and that is an inaction, but he is actually praying inside which is an action. Thus he finds an action in an inaction. A person is considered as complete only if he is able to appreciate them both. Any person who does an action without any attachments to it is considered as a sage by the wise.

There are many ways of sacrificing or giving offerings. Few people sacrifice to demigods to get their desired outcome for an action. They are called Karma Yogis. Few called Gnana Yogis sacrifice ghee and fruits to the fire with holy chants and find happiness over that. Brahmacharis have a self control over their senses and that is their offering to their sense which they consider as fire. Others offer even the sense of hearing, seeing, breathing, etc., to the fire of self-purification and keep their senses in control. Others who could not practice self control offer food and charity and help the needy. Some perform strict fasting. Few read through the Vedas and live their life based on that. Few others never break any vows. Few offer their inhaling breath to the exhaling breath and exhaling breath to incoming breath and have good breath control. Some reduce their intake of food and regulate their diet. All these people offer all their actions and thereby atoning their sins and attaining the Supreme Lord. One who doesn’t sacrifice in any form, should not think about heaven when he is even unfit to live in this world. The various types of offerings has been mentioned in Vedic scripts and everything has been an outcome of an action. All these information can be learnt from people who have achieved self-realisation and they will instruct you and take you to the path of wisdom. Once you gain this knowledge, you will no longer confuse yourself that everyone actually die. You will start seeing the soul in each person and find them identical to yours and in further deeper realisation you will notice that all the souls are actually part of the Supreme Lord Krishna. Once you start following this spiritual path, you will be relieved of any sins in your past. A person who has complete faith, focus and control over his senses attains peace of mind. The ignorant people will remain to suffer worldly pains and find no happiness.”

And, thereby, Lord Krishna instructs Arjuna to destroy his doubts and ignorance and get prepared for the battle with the help of self-realisation.

This is the summary of Chapter 4 of Bhagavad Gita.

Have a great day! 🙂

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 3

Chapter 3: The Eternal Duties of Human Beings

Arjuna questions Lord Krishna that if we are to give importance only to spiritual knowledge and not on any actions and their outcomes, why is he forcing him to do such an action of war. Lord Krishna replies that there are two kinds of faith – religious practice through having spiritual knowledge and religious practice through doing actions. A person who doesn’t begin doing an action or abstaining himself from doing it, doesn’t gain spiritual knowledge. There is no one in this world who is not involved in any activity even for a moment. A few who claim that they have control over their senses, but actually think about attractions of the wordly objects are called as hypocrites or pretenders. But, a person who does an action after actually conquering all his desires is considered superior to the hypocrites. In the beginning, Bhramha created all the beings with a sacrifice to the Supreme Lord and that sacrifices will help human prosper with the blessings of demigods. Demigods, due to that sacrifice, will quench all the desires of humans. One who only enjoys those which are provided by those demigods without sacrificial thoughts and lives only for himself is considered as a thief. While, others are relieved from all their sins. People tend to follow their leaders. So, if their leaders are only into attaining spiritual knowledge, their followers also will stop doing actions. Though I have no actions to be done, still I have to keep doing something to prevent misleading everyone. Nature is driving us to do actions. But ignorants think that they are actually doing it. Wise people doesn’t even have to correct these people. They should concentrate only on doing their actions and even dying while doing it will only give them greatness. Performing duties of someone else will only bring fears. He also mentions that desire and anger are the reasons for driving people towards sins. They will cloud the knowledge gained. Hence, he asks Arjuna to fight without any desire and perform his Vedic duties as such an act will lead him to the Almighty.

This is the summary of Chapter 3 of Bhagavad Gita.

Have a great day! 🙂

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 2

Chapter 2: The Eternal Reality of the Souls Immortality

Krishna inquires Arjuna the reason for his sudden weakness and the reason for his belief of a physical body as an ultimate part of the Universe. He explains that, while body is destructible, soul is never destroyed and it continues a new life once it is released from its current body. He, hence, tells him to not consider the physical bodies of his foes as they themselves and encourages him to fight. He stresses that one should only perform his duty and not expect anything from its outcome. He also mentions that a wise man should consider both victory and loss as equal. The same, also, applies to happiness and sadness. He does not get attached to wordly happiness and finds happiness within himself. Hence, not even any human feelings affects him. He encourages Arjuna to be such a person and gain spiritual intelligence.

This is the summary of the second chapter of Bhagavad Gita.

Have a good one! 🙂

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 1

Chapter 1: Lamenting the Consequence of War

Dhuriyodhana explains to Dhronar about the members of both armies. He also claims that their own army appears huge when compared to that of their foes. And, they all get prepared to fight by blowing their trumpets triumphantly. Arjuna, on the other hand, requests Krishna to drive his chariot in front of his foes to get a proper view of whom they are fighting with. And, Krishna does what he was requested. On seeing their foes, Arjuna gets filled with remorse mentioning that all their foes are actually his relatives. He prefers being killed by them rather than living with their blood stains. He explains that there is no point of living after killing all his relatives and he drops his bow.

This is the summary of the first Chapter of Bhagavad Gita.

Have a great day! 🙂

Welcome to the section of Bhagavad Gita!

Hello everyone! This section is dedicated to the religious book of Hinduism – The Bhagavad Gita.

First, a bit of introduction!

Bhagavad Gita is actually a part of the epic Mahabharata and has 18 Chapters. It portrays the discussion between Lord Krishna and Arjuna on the battlefield of Gurukshetra. As Dhritarashtra, the king of Hastinapur, couldn’t go to the battle, he requested his minister Sanjaya to explain the war events, as and when it happens. Sanjaya, who was blessed by the sage Veda Vyasa with the power of Divya Dhrishti, an ability to see events at a distance, explains him the details of the war including the discussion of Lord Krishna and Arjuna.  That is how the Bhagavad Gita begins.

Though the intricate level of explanations for each and every verse is not provided in this section, a brief summary which includes all the important messages delivered by Lord Krishna has been provided. Every post is a chapter of Bhagavad Gita.

New posts will appear as and when I myself read the chapters of the book. 🙂

Please provide your valuable comments.

Have a good one! 🙂